What Is A Brick Of Wood For Woodworking Called? Things to know

What is a brick of wood for woodworking called? This article will reveal the answer and some interesting information about the panel. Let’s refer to it! 

Carpenters work with different woodcuts for specific purposes. To make things clearer, they often name the cuts based on the shapes. So what is a brick of wood for woodworking called?

The cut that looks like a brick in woodworking projects is the lumber. It varies in different features, serving other purposes.

This article will explain more about this question. We also share with you some tips for measuring and choosing wooden bricks.

What Is A Brick Of Wood For Woodworking Called?

In woodworking, a brick of wood is the lumber, which has been finely treated.

Lumber is available in a variety of shapes, types, sizes, and cuts. You can check these characteristics to understand more about the diversity of lumber.

  • Density: Density refers to the wood’s weight and strength. Denser pieces are ideal for building, but less dense ones work better for woodworking projects.
  • Texture: This term indicates the property of the brick. It determines the surface’s condition and its sturdiness.
  • Color: The kind of wood you use decides the color of the lumber.
  • Woodgrain: Each tree has its distinctive texture. Hence, two bricks of the same species might have drastically different features. The pattern in which the cell fibers develop is the woodgrain.

Lumber comes in different types

Lumber comes in different types

There are two types of timber forming the lumber: hardwood and softwood.


The deciduous woods that drop their leaves are the hardwoods. Despite a large number of varieties, only 200 are robust and elastic enough for woodworking.

Hardwood trees develop more slowly than softwood trees, resulting in denser timber.

Woodworkers prefer these woods because of their more distinctive grain patterns. Hardwoods, like human skin, have tiny pores on their exterior.

The grain texture varies depending on the size of those pores. There are two kinds of pore openings: the closed grains with tiny pores (like maple and cherry) and the ring-porous with bigger pores (like oak and ash).


Coniferous trees, sometimes known as evergreen trees, are the primary source of softwoods. Woodworking uses just around 25% of all softwoods.

Softwoods feature a closed-grain that doesn’t show up in the final product.

Softwoods are better for framework, construction, and outdoor activities since they develop quickly and are straighter.

This video will show you more about the differences between hardwood and softwood.

How To Measure Lumbers?

Carpenters often describe the dimensions of lumbers in depths and widths, not in lengths. They use two kinds of measurements: nominal and actual.


The nominal dimensions are the dimensions of the lumber before planning the wood.

Once the carpenter has cut down the tree, he will mill the log to width and thickness. The nominal is often 2 x 4, which means 2 inches x 4 inches.

The surface of the product in this stage is rough and has some saw marks.

Then, the carpenter will leave the lumber to dry out and smooth it all the sides with a planer.

After drying and smoothing, the dimensions have changed from 2 x 4 to 1 1/2 x 3 1/2 inches.


After being planed, the lumber will come in its actual size. There are no saw marks, and the surface will be smooth.

Often, the actual size is 1/4 to 3/4 inches smaller than the nominal size.

The nominal dimension is the measurement we see labeled on the board, whereas the actual one is the real size. In other words, we’re purchasing a 2 x 4 panel, but the real size is 1 1/2 x 3 1/2 inches.

Nominal and actual sizes are not the same thing

Nominal and actual sizes are not the same thing

How To Choose Wooden Bricks For Woodworking?

Each board is unique even once you’ve settled on timber and determined the dimensions you’ll require. Finding timber that will genuinely make your final construction shine involves patience and time.

Step 1: Choose the wood type

The first step is to choose the sort of board you’ll be working with.

If you want to use open wood in the interior furniture, maple and oak are fantastic options. They are both sturdy woods that keep relatively straight when dealing with them.

MDF is a sturdy and consistent material for making interior items that will be coated. Larger MDF bricks are easily obtainable than hardwood panels.

If you’re making garage racks or constructing items that stay inside another material, fir or pine will save you money.

They are rougher, making them ideal for applications where precision isn’t necessary.

Consider utilizing redwood and cedar for your project if you have to expose your product to external elements.

Choose the timber first

Choose the timber first

Step 2: Check for the flaws

A knot is by far the most frequent timber flaw. It arises when a branch connects to the main stem, causing the grains to spiral.

The spiral pattern’s core is made of a different wood species than the entire board. It will rust, shrivel, or fall out, creating an unattractive hole and a weak spot in the brick.

Cracks are another defect to check for. They might run the entire length of the panel or simply be a part of it.

Step 3: Check the edges

Although no wooden brick is perfectly rectangular, using panels that are near to rectangular will make your projects progress much more efficiently.

If you envision a brick as a three-dimensional rectangle, you can see how it may distort in any of the three directions.

The best approach to check is to look at the edges. You need to place one end of the panel on the floor while holding the other at about your face level.

Then, close one eye and observe the closest edge. It should be perfectly straight.

Next, turn the board 90° and check a different edge.

What Is A Brick Of Wood For Woodworking Called? Things to know What is a brick of wood for woodworking called

Final Words

The brick of wood helps you execute your project easier and quicker. It comes in different sizes and materials. Hence, you need to check and determine the one you desire.

Hopefully, you will find this article helpful. If you need any further information, please feel free to ask. Thank you for being interested in the post!

>>> How This “Natural Woodworker” Built His Massive Collection of 16000+ Woodworking Plans

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Lisa J. Thompson

Hello, my name is Lisa Thompson and I’m the Founder of Daily Home Insider, your go-to resource for all things home security and home improvement. In this day and age, security should be your top priority, and that’s exactly why my dedicated team of writers and I offer reliable information pertaining to gun storage, home safes, and so much more. When I’m not running the blog, I enjoy gardening and homesteading. As an avid nature lover, I also love going on camping trips. Currently, I happily reside in the heart of Los Angeles.
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